A new study published by the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has shown that Turkey, along with other regions in the eastern Mediterranean Levant region which includes Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria is having the worst drought it has ever seen for the 900 years.
The official NASA website explained that Ben Cook, lead author and climate scientist at the organisation’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies and the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University stated, “If we look at recent events and we start to see anomalies that are outside this range of natural variability, then we can say with some confidence that it looks like this particular event or this series of events had some kind of human caused climate change contribution.”
NASA scientists reconstructed the Mediterranean’s drought history by studying tree rings in order to understand the region’s climate and what brings water to or from the area. Thin rings indicate dry years, while thick rings show years when water was plentiful.
Scientists found droughts in the tree ring record between the years 1100 and 2012 which corresponded to those described in historical documents. Cook explained that the range of how extreme wet or dry periods were is quite broad, but the recent drought in the Levant region, from 1998 to 2012, stands out as about 50 percent drier than the driest period in the past 500 years, and 10 to 20 percent drier than the worst drought of the past 900 years.